Highly sensitive people and their essence
People who react strongly to external stimuli are often referred to by their environment as “mimosas”, “delicately strung” or simply “hypersensitive”. High sensitivity has been recognized in science since the mid-1990s as a psychological phenomenon that was first picked up and scientifically analyzed by US American Elaine E. Aaron.
It is thanks to this psychologist and her publications on the subject of High Sensitivity and High Sensitive Person that neurologists and psychotherapists today deal intensively with the causes and characteristics of this phenomenon on an international level.
The causes of hypersensitivity, which describes one’s own field of science within psychology, have not been fully explored to this day. However, deviations of the normal neuronal constitution in the brain, which are most likely genetic, are suspected, as accumulations are observed in families. It is estimated that between ten and twenty percent of the population can be described as a High Sensitive Person or HSP.
Many people who exhibit hypersensitive traits are perceived by society as abnormal due to their mood swings and sometimes inexplicable reactions and behavioral patterns. However, most HSPs also have characteristics that make them remarkably creative, conscientious, and socially lovable people.
High sensitivity and its basic features
Highly sensitive people do not suffer from a disease, but only show special traits, which reveal special abilities for a fine perception. Elaine E. Aaron, in her scientific publications on High Sensitivity, listed several characteristics that typify HSPs. Depending on how the intense feeling of external stimuli manifests, a distinction can be made between several manifestations of this psychological phenomenon. While many hypersensitive people react very strongly to pain and physical impulses, the high sensitivity in other affected persons shows above all in dealing with fellow human beings or in the ability to concentrate and to think. All HSPs share an intense sense of stimulation that gives them a lifelong, sometimes distressing feeling of being different. Whether pain, optical and visual stimuli or other people’s emotions, HSPs are more aware of their environment and take longer to process these impressions.
High sensitivity is a gift
People who are referred to as hypersensitive or hypersensitive often have amazing abilities that make extraordinary careers possible, thanks to their character traits. If the high sensitivity is felt above all when experiencing art, literature, music and nature, it opens up countless creative possibilities. Imagination, vision, an exceptionally fine sense of other people’s emotions and an unusual talent for innovation create an inexhaustible creative potential. Therefore, many writers, artists, journalists and philosophers show typically highly sensitive character traits.
However, HSPs also play a significant role in society as therapists, educators, physicians and scientists. At the same time, HSPs in everyday life and professional life are often extremely pleasant contemporaries who, with conscientiousness and perfection, provide the services they expect. Many hypersensitive individuals are excellent team players because they recognize the needs and abilities of their peers and act accordingly. Her altruism and her complex thinking skills make her an enrichment in any work environment and can also contribute to the rapid resolution of many conflicts in private and family life.
Dealing with high sensitivity
The prerequisite for making positive use of the highly sensitive properties is the willingness to accept them and consciously live with them. For highly sensitive people who deny or even reject their gift, these abilities can turn into the opposite. Thus, it is quite possible that HSPs generally behave aggressively and irritably, that they always treat their fellow human beings in their professional and private lives with disrespect and that they are by no means sensitive. This can happen especially if they are confronted with constant allegations in everyday life and are referred to as mimosas.
Since highly sensitive people can be strongly influenced by the moods of others, an inharmonious environment can do great harm to them. Stress, problematic relationships, and hostile remarks by others make many HSPs vulnerable to alcohol and drug abuse, depression , withdrawal, and subsequently antisocial behavior. Therefore, it is important to accept the psychological phenomenon of hypersensitivity to oneself and to others and, if necessary, to seek therapeutic help.
If a hypersensitive person is allowed to show and address his emotions and perceptions, he can use them for the benefit of himself as well as for the benefit of society. At the same time, it is important for those affected to avoid unpleasant stimuli that negatively affect the nervous system and emotional mood as well as possible. Those who can experience their highly sensitive perceptions within their personal feel-good zone will recognize the talents and possibilities associated with them and learn to implement them creatively.